Dynamic Microphones

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What is a dynamic microphone and how does it work? 

A Dynamic Microphone also known as a moving coil microphone is essentially built like a speaker in reverse. A coil is glued to the back of the diaphragm with a strong magnet surrounding the coil. When soundwaves reach the microphone, the diaphragm moves with it, the movement of the coil within its magnetic gap generates a small signal voltage inside the coil, which then produces amplified sound. 

Most Dynamic microphones have a Cardioid polar response pattern meaning they filter out noise from behind the microphone and pick up everything in front of it. Dynamic microphones also boast a flat frequency response, they can capture and directly handle high-volume sources such as guitar amplifiers and drums, unlike condenser microphones. 

When to use a dynamic microphone? 

Dynamic microphones are the ideal live microphone, with their durable high-quality build they can withstand the heaviest of treatments night after night.  

Dynamic Microphones such as the Shure SM58 Dynamic Vocal Microphone and Sennheiser e945 Dynamic Mic have become famous industry standards for live performance vocals, due to their low sensitivity and cardioid polar pattern they can withstand high gain without feeding back.  

Are dynamic microphones good for recording vocals? 

Dynamic microphones are excellent for recording and capturing vocals, voiceovers, podcasts and any voice-based application.  

Dynamic microphones such as the Shure SM7dB Active Dynamic Microphone are a go-to choice for most podcasters, broadcasters and content creators as they’re less susceptible to picking up other sound sources than a condenser microphone, which makes them a great choice for when you have multiple people in one room. They are also great for recording live bands as they can capture more of a single sound source among many. 

Do dynamic microphones require phantom power? 

Being passive, they don’t require any power like a condenser microphone and are linked to a sound source like a speaker or an amplifier through and XLR cable. However, in most cases applying phantom power to a dynamic microphone will not damage it. 

Need help choosing a microphone? We’re here to help, so contact us if you have any questions.